文物音序列表

picture

办公楼 Administrative Building

博雅塔 Bo Ya Pogoda

蔡元培铜像 Bronze Statue of Cai Yuanpei

慈济寺庙门 The Gate of Ci Ji Temple

丹墀 Danchi

档案馆 Archive of Peking University

德才均备斋
Dezhai, Caizhai, Junzhai and Beizhai Buildings

第二体育馆 Second Gymnasium

第一体育馆 First Gymnasium

俄文楼 Sage Hall

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

方池 Square pond

革命烈士纪念碑
Monument of the Martyrs of Peking University

葛利普墓 Tomb of Grabau

国立西南联合大学纪念碑
Monument of National Southwestern Associated University

杭爱碑 Hang Ai Momument

花神庙碑 Flower Temple Tablet

华表 Ornamental Columns

化学北楼 North Building of Chemistry

化学南楼 South Building of Chemistry

静园 Jing Yuan Meadow

镜春园 Jingchun Garden

赖朴吾、夏仁德墓 Tome of Lapwood and Sailer

朗润园 Lang-Yun Yuan

李大钊像 Statue of Li Dazhao

临湖轩 Lake House

梅石碑 Tablet Carved with Plums and Stone

米玉墓志铭 Epitaph of Miyu

民主楼 Democracy Buiding

南北阁 Southern & Northern Pavilion

乾隆半月诗碑 Qianlong's Meniscus Poem Tebalet

乾隆御制诗碑 Qianlong's Royal Poem Tablet

日晷 Sundial

塞万提斯像 Statue of Cervantes

三一八遇难烈士纪念碑 Martyrs Monument

生物东馆 East Hall of Biology

石雕五供及石供桌
Five Ariticals of Tributes in Stone Sculpture and the Stone Alter

石舫 Stone Boat

石屏风 Stone Folding Screen

石麒麟 Stone Kylin

石桥 Stone Bridge

石狮 Stone Lions

斯诺墓Tomb of Snow

体斋健斋 Ti zhai,Jian zhai and Quan zhai Buidings

外文楼 Foreign Building

魏士毅墓 Tomb of Wei Shiyi

西校门 West School Gate

校景亭 University Landscape Pavilion

校友桥 Alumni Bridge

燕东园 YanDong Garden

燕南园 YanNan Garden

振兴中华碑 Revitalizing the Chinese Nation Tablet

钟亭 Clock Pavalion

文物信息

picture

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

文物名称:翻尾石鱼
文物时间:乾隆十六年(1751)
文物位置:未名湖西
文物类别:石刻雕塑
Name: Roll-Tailed Stone Fish
Time: 1751
Location: West of WeiMing Lake
Category: Stone Sculpture


文物特色

石鱼用黄褐色细石精雕而成。鱼身长165厘米,高87厘米,下部鱼肚宽90厘米,上部鱼嘴宽42厘米。清代,此鱼位于谐奇趣楼南大型海棠式喷水池之正中,口内喷出水柱,可上升十余米。


历史溯源

翻尾石鱼为圆明园中长春园“谐奇趣”中遗物,造型奇特,身雕鳞状花纹、张口朝天属于西洋石刻艺术。1860年圆明园被焚毁后,翻尾石鱼也被变卖,后来被朗润园的主人载涛买下运到朗润园并在园中放置多年。根据《平西报》《燕京新闻》记载,石鱼在朗润园里放置多年,燕京大学1930班学生毕业时,将此石鱼买来送给母校,安置在未名湖畔。

“文革”期间,石鱼惨遭不幸,被悍然推入水中,等到粉碎四人帮以后,1981年夏天,抽干了湖水,石鱼重见天日,遗憾的是,石鱼的尾部和嘴部都断掉了。校方想方设法按照原样修补,才勉强使这一文物得以保全。现在的石鱼放置在未名湖西岸附近,远远望去,像是将塔影含在口中。


Distinguishing Feature

The stone fish was carved by tawny fine stone. The fish is 165 centimeters in length, 87centimeters high and the lower fish maw is 90 centimeters in width. The upper fish mouth is 42 cengtimeters wide. The fish is located in the centre of Haitang-type fountain and it can blow more than 10-meter high water column.


History

The stones were relics of Yuanmingyuan with peculiar model, squamous flowers body and upturned mouth, which belongs to western sculpture art. In 1860 when Yuanmingyuan was fired, the fish was sold. Afterwards, it was bought by ZaiTao and placed in Lang-Yun Yuan for many years. According to Yenching News and Pingxi Newspaper, stone fish was purchased by graduates of Yenching University in 1930 as a gift to the school and placed near the WeiMing Lake.

During the Cultural Revolution, the fish encountered misfortune that it was pushed to lake. After “the gang of four” was broken down, in the summer of 1981, when the lake was dried, the fish appeared again. But unfortunately, the tail and mouth were destroyed. The school tried every means to mend it as its original appearance. Now it’s placed near the west of the WeiMing Lake. It looks like that the fish keeps the shadow of the tower in mouth.