文物音序列表

picture

办公楼 Administrative Building

博雅塔 Bo Ya Pogoda

蔡元培铜像 Bronze Statue of Cai Yuanpei

慈济寺庙门 The Gate of Ci Ji Temple

丹墀 Danchi

档案馆 Archive of Peking University

德才均备斋
Dezhai, Caizhai, Junzhai and Beizhai Buildings

第二体育馆 Second Gymnasium

第一体育馆 First Gymnasium

俄文楼 Sage Hall

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

方池 Square pond

革命烈士纪念碑
Monument of the Martyrs of Peking University

葛利普墓 Tomb of Grabau

国立西南联合大学纪念碑
Monument of National Southwestern Associated University

杭爱碑 Hang Ai Momument

花神庙碑 Flower Temple Tablet

华表 Ornamental Columns

化学北楼 North Building of Chemistry

化学南楼 South Building of Chemistry

静园 Jing Yuan Meadow

镜春园 Jingchun Garden

赖朴吾、夏仁德墓 Tome of Lapwood and Sailer

朗润园 Lang-Yun Yuan

李大钊像 Statue of Li Dazhao

临湖轩 Lake House

梅石碑 Tablet Carved with Plums and Stone

米玉墓志铭 Epitaph of Miyu

民主楼 Democracy Buiding

南北阁 Southern & Northern Pavilion

乾隆半月诗碑 Qianlong's Meniscus Poem Tebalet

乾隆御制诗碑 Qianlong's Royal Poem Tablet

日晷 Sundial

塞万提斯像 Statue of Cervantes

三一八遇难烈士纪念碑 Martyrs Monument

生物东馆 East Hall of Biology

石雕五供及石供桌
Five Ariticals of Tributes in Stone Sculpture and the Stone Alter

石舫 Stone Boat

石屏风 Stone Folding Screen

石麒麟 Stone Kylin

石桥 Stone Bridge

石狮 Stone Lions

斯诺墓Tomb of Snow

体斋健斋 Ti zhai,Jian zhai and Quan zhai Buidings

外文楼 Foreign Building

魏士毅墓 Tomb of Wei Shiyi

西校门 West School Gate

校景亭 University Landscape Pavilion

校友桥 Alumni Bridge

燕东园 YanDong Garden

燕南园 YanNan Garden

振兴中华碑 Revitalizing the Chinese Nation Tablet

钟亭 Clock Pavalion

文物信息

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李大钊像 the Statue of Li Dazhao

文物时间:1982年10月5日
文物位置:俄文楼前
文物类别:雕像
Time: October 5th, 1982
Location: In front of the Saga Hall
Category: Statue


文物缘起

李大钊先生的半身青铜雕像由77、78级学子自发捐资铸建。1982年10月15日,它和蔡元培校长铜像同时落成。党和国家领导人乌兰夫、胡乔木、邓力群、许德珩、胡愈之、周培源等参加了当天的落成典礼。该铜像是由我国著名雕塑家、中央美术学院傅天仇教授创作,由北京钢铁学院、首都钢铁公司协助铸成。

历史溯源

李大钊同志是中国共产主义的先驱,伟大的马克思主义者、杰出的无产阶级革命家、中国共产党的主要创始人之一,也是学识渊博、勇于开拓的著名学者。1915年,日本帝国主义提出灭亡中国的“二十一条”,李大钊积极参加留日学生的抗议斗争,成为著名爱国志士。李大钊回国后,在北京大学任图书馆主任兼经济学教授,积极投身于正在兴起的新文化运动,成为新文化运动的一员主将。李大钊和陈独秀是中国共产党主要两个创始人。1927年4月28日,北洋军阀政府不顾社会舆论的强烈反对和谴责,将李大钊等20位革命者绞杀在西交民巷京师看守所内。


名人故事

李大钊长期进行革命活动,遭到北洋军阀的仇视,他们下令通缉李大钊。1927年4月6日,奉系军阀张作霖勾结帝国主义。悍然冲进北京苏联大使馆内,逮捕李大钊。李大钊备受酷刑,大义凛然,英勇献身。一年后的1928年6月,张作霖也被日本刺杀了;解放后,绞杀李大钊的刽子手都被人民政府搜剿后彻底地镇压了。这笔历史的血债没有被“拖欠”。



寻章摘句

当年也被抓进监狱的李大钊长女李星华在《回忆我的父亲李大钊》一书说:“反动政府把父亲视为‘罪魁祸首’,对他怕得要死,恨得要命。为了延长他的痛苦,刽子手们对别人只施刑二十分钟,而对他施刑长达四十分钟之久。”李大钊之所以被施刑时间较长,从当时的传闻和一些迹象分析,应该是刽子手对李大钊实行了古已有之的异常残酷的“三绞处决法”。对此,长期生活、工作在李大钊故乡的原乐亭县文联主席、作家张建国在《伟大的播种者——李大钊的故事》描写:


愚蠢的敌人第一次把大钊绞昏了,又放下来,仍然劝他“悔过”。大钊同志苏醒过来,愤恨地说:“你们把我绞死,我的灵魂不死,革命不死!”


敌人又第二次把他绞了上去,然后又把他放下,还是劝他“悔过”。大钊慢慢地睁开眼睛,冷笑一声说:“力求速办!”


敌人的妄想完全破灭了,这才第三次把他绞上去。大钊同志终于为共产主义、为革命献出了他那只有三十九岁的宝贵生命!


此外,张建国在此节又记述道:“大钊死后,他的七窍流血。他生前一个姓周的好友,找了医生,为他擦去血迹,还仍是面貌如生。”


Distinguishing feature

The statue of Li Dazhao was built with the capital which raised by the 1977 and 1978 sessions of graduates, it established on October 5th 1982, so did the statue of Cai Yuanpei. the Party and state leaders included Wu Lanfu, Hu Qiaomu, Deng Liqun, Xu Dehang, Hu Yuzhi, Zhou Peiyuan attended the ceremony of establishment. The statue was designed by the famous sculptor professor Chou Tian of Central Academy of Fine art, co-cast by Beijing Iron and Steel Academy and Capital Iron and Steel Company.


History

Li Dazhao was the pioneer of Chinese communism, a brave intellectual, a great Marxist and outstanding revolutionist of the proletariat, who co-founded the Communist Party of China with Chen Duxiu in 1921. In 1915 after Japan proposed the Twenty-one Demands aimed to destroy China, Li Dazhao took an active part in the protest among Chinese students in Japan and became a famous ardent patriot. After he back to China, he took a position of library chairman of Peking University and also was the professor of economic department, meanwhile he threw himself into the arisen New Culture Movement, and became a main member of this movement. On April 28th 1927, despite the objection and blame of public opinion, the northern warlords garroted 20 revolutionists in the capital jail on Xijiaoming alley, including Li Dazhao.