文物音序列表

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办公楼 Administrative Building

博雅塔 Bo Ya Pogoda

蔡元培铜像 Bronze Statue of Cai Yuanpei

慈济寺庙门 The Gate of Ci Ji Temple

丹墀 Danchi

档案馆 Archive of Peking University

德才均备斋
Dezhai, Caizhai, Junzhai and Beizhai Buildings

第二体育馆 Second Gymnasium

第一体育馆 First Gymnasium

俄文楼 Sage Hall

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

方池 Square pond

革命烈士纪念碑
Monument of the Martyrs of Peking University

葛利普墓 Tomb of Grabau

国立西南联合大学纪念碑
Monument of National Southwestern Associated University

杭爱碑 Hang Ai Momument

花神庙碑 Flower Temple Tablet

华表 Ornamental Columns

化学北楼 North Building of Chemistry

化学南楼 South Building of Chemistry

静园 Jing Yuan Meadow

镜春园 Jingchun Garden

赖朴吾、夏仁德墓 Tome of Lapwood and Sailer

朗润园 Lang-Yun Yuan

李大钊像 Statue of Li Dazhao

临湖轩 Lake House

梅石碑 Tablet Carved with Plums and Stone

米玉墓志铭 Epitaph of Miyu

民主楼 Democracy Buiding

南北阁 Southern & Northern Pavilion

乾隆半月诗碑 Qianlong's Meniscus Poem Tebalet

乾隆御制诗碑 Qianlong's Royal Poem Tablet

日晷 Sundial

塞万提斯像 Statue of Cervantes

三一八遇难烈士纪念碑 Martyrs Monument

生物东馆 East Hall of Biology

石雕五供及石供桌
Five Ariticals of Tributes in Stone Sculpture and the Stone Alter

石舫 Stone Boat

石屏风 Stone Folding Screen

石麒麟 Stone Kylin

石桥 Stone Bridge

石狮 Stone Lions

斯诺墓Tomb of Snow

体斋健斋 Ti zhai,Jian zhai and Quan zhai Buidings

外文楼 Foreign Building

魏士毅墓 Tomb of Wei Shiyi

西校门 West School Gate

校景亭 University Landscape Pavilion

校友桥 Alumni Bridge

燕东园 YanDong Garden

燕南园 YanNan Garden

振兴中华碑 Revitalizing the Chinese Nation Tablet

钟亭 Clock Pavalion

文物信息

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临湖轩 Lake House


曾用名:临风待月楼
文物时间:1920-1929
文物位置:未名湖南岸山坡
文物类别:建筑遗迹
Primitive Name: Lin Feng Dai Yue Lou(a romantic name which means that a building which is facing the breeze and waiting for the moon)
Time: 1920~1929
Category: Architectural relic
Location: on the hillside of the Unnamed Lake's west


文物特色

临湖轩可以说是燕园里现存的最古老的一所文物。西北有山林环抱,东北可眺山色湖光,南有竹林作屏障,东临幽谷深池,周围有密林环绕,环境特别幽静。文物物依山就势,高低错落,功能分明,尺度亲切,远观只见屋脊,入内则别有天地,布局上突出一个“藏”字。


文物缘起

临湖轩的遗址是乾隆年间和珅淑春园的“临风待月楼”,1860年淑春园被毁时只有未名湖边的石舫基座和这座楼保存下来。燕大建校时,司徒雷登的费城友人——乔治•柯里夫妇(Mr&Mrs George)捐资修缮此楼,赠给校长司徒雷登作为住宅。1931年根据冰心提议将其命名为“临湖轩”,胡适书写制匾悬挂于中间大厅临湖一面的门额上,实际上是接待来访贵宾、召开重要会议的公共场所。


岁月变迁

曾经为燕大北大校长居住地,今天,临湖轩作为北京大学的贵宾接待室,每年要接待几十个国家几千名来北大参观访问的外宾以及港澳同胞和侨胞,党中央的领导来北大视察工作也常常来此驻足。


名人故事

临湖轩曾经住过燕京大学校长司徒雷登和北大校长马寅初,正是这两位校长,代表了从燕京大学到现在的北京大学的建设与学术的精神的发展。1929年著名学者吴文藻和冰心的婚礼在临湖轩举行,1935年,吴文藻的高足费孝通和王同惠又是在这里举行婚礼,两场婚礼主婚人都是司徒雷登校长,演绎了临湖轩的佳话。


解放初,临湖轩仍然作为校长宅邸,燕大校长陆志伟入住。1952年,北大迁到燕园,马寅初校长也曾在这里居住并迎接宾客。在马寅初校长因坚持“新人口论”被打倒之后,再也没有一位校长在此居住过。于是,临湖轩被改为贵宾招待所。文革期间,以江青为首的中央文革小组组织了一个由北大、清华两个学校的“笔杆子”为首的御用写作班子,经常以“梁效”(谐音“两校”)的笔名在《人民日报》上发表一些借古讽今、操纵文革进程的长篇大论。当时担任北大、清华军宣队头目的迟群、谢静宜就挑选了临湖轩作为写作班子的据点。文革末期,临湖轩再次归属北大外事处,成为专门接待外宾的地方。


Distinguishing feature

Lin Hu Xuan is one of the oldest cultural relic in the Peking University.Located on the small hill of the western side of the Unnamed Lake, it is a tranquil courtyard surrounded by bamboos. In 1920s, It was where John Leighton Stuart lived and received his visitors. In 1931, Bing Xin, a well-known women writer, named it “Lin Hu Xuan”.


History

Lin Hu Xuan is not a big structure, but it has lots of stories to tell the visitors. One of its owners, John Leighton Stuart, had great influence on the development of Yenching University. .As an American, he spent most of his lifetime in China. He once wrote, “For most part of my life, China is my home. I was not only born in that country but also closely linked to it and its people spiritually. I lived there and have lots of good friends.”


Lin Hu Xuan was once used as the apartment of the president of Peking University. Today, Lin Hu Xuan is used as the reception room to receive the foreign visitors, including government leaders, experts and scholars. As the former home of John Leighton Stuart,it is the best memento to this educationalist.