文物音序列表

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办公楼 Administrative Building

博雅塔 Bo Ya Pogoda

蔡元培铜像 Bronze Statue of Cai Yuanpei

慈济寺庙门 The Gate of Ci Ji Temple

丹墀 Danchi

档案馆 Archive of Peking University

德才均备斋
Dezhai, Caizhai, Junzhai and Beizhai Buildings

第二体育馆 Second Gymnasium

第一体育馆 First Gymnasium

俄文楼 Sage Hall

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

方池 Square pond

革命烈士纪念碑
Monument of the Martyrs of Peking University

葛利普墓 Tomb of Grabau

国立西南联合大学纪念碑
Monument of National Southwestern Associated University

杭爱碑 Hang Ai Momument

花神庙碑 Flower Temple Tablet

华表 Ornamental Columns

化学北楼 North Building of Chemistry

化学南楼 South Building of Chemistry

静园 Jing Yuan Meadow

镜春园 Jingchun Garden

赖朴吾、夏仁德墓 Tome of Lapwood and Sailer

朗润园 Lang-Yun Yuan

李大钊像 Statue of Li Dazhao

临湖轩 Lake House

梅石碑 Tablet Carved with Plums and Stone

米玉墓志铭 Epitaph of Miyu

民主楼 Democracy Buiding

南北阁 Southern & Northern Pavilion

乾隆半月诗碑 Qianlong's Meniscus Poem Tebalet

乾隆御制诗碑 Qianlong's Royal Poem Tablet

日晷 Sundial

塞万提斯像 Statue of Cervantes

三一八遇难烈士纪念碑 Martyrs Monument

生物东馆 East Hall of Biology

石雕五供及石供桌
Five Ariticals of Tributes in Stone Sculpture and the Stone Alter

石舫 Stone Boat

石屏风 Stone Folding Screen

石麒麟 Stone Kylin

石桥 Stone Bridge

石狮 Stone Lions

斯诺墓Tomb of Snow

体斋健斋 Ti zhai,Jian zhai and Quan zhai Buidings

外文楼 Foreign Building

魏士毅墓 Tomb of Wei Shiyi

西校门 West School Gate

校景亭 University Landscape Pavilion

校友桥 Alumni Bridge

燕东园 YanDong Garden

燕南园 YanNan Garden

振兴中华碑 Revitalizing the Chinese Nation Tablet

钟亭 Clock Pavalion

文物信息

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日晷 the Sundial

文物时间:红楼时期
文物位置:外文楼北
文物类别:石刻
Time: In the period of Red Chamber
Location: North of Foreign Language Building
Category: Stone inscription


文物特色

日晷,位于北京大学赛克勒艺术博物馆与外文楼之间,汉白玉制,高近3米,由大底座、碑身和日晷组成。碑身从北开始按顺时针方向刻着篆字碑文。东西南北四面的碑文分别为:“近取诸物”、“远取诸身”、“仰以观于天文”、“俯以察于地理”。碑身以上为日晷,由底座和晷盘及晷针组成。 燕园中这座日晷为赤道式日晷,是多种日晷形式的一种。这种日晷由晷盘和晷针组成,盘中央穿有一根垂直于盘面的“晷针”,它的方向指向天北极。赤道式日晷其晷盘平行于地球赤道平面,而晷针则平行于地轴。晷针与地平面所在的夹角等于北京的纬度。由于我校各楼均偏西5°49′,如果日晷正底座按正北方向定位,则显示建筑、甬道是斜的。为了艺术的和谐,日晷底座便按楼的位置定位。


历史溯源

原位于老北大的沙滩红楼前,八十年代后期移放到现赛万提斯像东侧草坪内,1992年园林科在赛克勒博物馆建成后移到此处,并恢复了晷盘与晷针,以期与博物馆在内容、气势上形成一种和谐的旋律。现晷针已经缺失。


Distinguishing Feature

Sundial is located between the Sackler Art Museum and Foreign Language Building, made by white marbles, 3 meters high, which consists of a big base, body and sundial. The body was carved with words clockwise from north. This sundial in YanYuan is the equatorial sundial, one of various kinds of sundials. This kind of sundial consists of plate and needle, the needle is in the center of the plate and perpendicular to it, whose direction is celestial North Pole. The plate of equatorial sundial is parallel to the equatorial plane while the needle is parallel to axis of the earth. The angle of the needle and the horizon is the latitude of Beijing. Because the school buildings are 5°49′west, if the sundial base was located due north, the buildings and streets will be slant, inharmonious with the whole building. So for the aim of art harmony, the base is located to the direction of the building.


History

It was placed in front of the red tower, after 80’s it was moved to the east lawn. In 1992 when the Sackler Art museum constructed, it was moved here and its plate and needle were recovered, aiming to form a harmonious rhythm. But now the needle is missing.