文物音序列表

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办公楼 Administrative Building

博雅塔 Bo Ya Pogoda

蔡元培铜像 Bronze Statue of Cai Yuanpei

慈济寺庙门 The Gate of Ci Ji Temple

丹墀 Danchi

档案馆 Archive of Peking University

德才均备斋
Dezhai, Caizhai, Junzhai and Beizhai Buildings

第二体育馆 Second Gymnasium

第一体育馆 First Gymnasium

俄文楼 Sage Hall

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

方池 Square pond

革命烈士纪念碑
Monument of the Martyrs of Peking University

葛利普墓 Tomb of Grabau

国立西南联合大学纪念碑
Monument of National Southwestern Associated University

杭爱碑 Hang Ai Momument

花神庙碑 Flower Temple Tablet

华表 Ornamental Columns

化学北楼 North Building of Chemistry

化学南楼 South Building of Chemistry

静园 Jing Yuan Meadow

镜春园 Jingchun Garden

赖朴吾、夏仁德墓 Tome of Lapwood and Sailer

朗润园 Lang-Yun Yuan

李大钊像 Statue of Li Dazhao

临湖轩 Lake House

梅石碑 Tablet Carved with Plums and Stone

米玉墓志铭 Epitaph of Miyu

民主楼 Democracy Buiding

南北阁 Southern & Northern Pavilion

乾隆半月诗碑 Qianlong's Meniscus Poem Tebalet

乾隆御制诗碑 Qianlong's Royal Poem Tablet

日晷 Sundial

塞万提斯像 Statue of Cervantes

三一八遇难烈士纪念碑 Martyrs Monument

生物东馆 East Hall of Biology

石雕五供及石供桌
Five Ariticals of Tributes in Stone Sculpture and the Stone Alter

石舫 Stone Boat

石屏风 Stone Folding Screen

石麒麟 Stone Kylin

石桥 Stone Bridge

石狮 Stone Lions

斯诺墓Tomb of Snow

体斋健斋 Ti zhai,Jian zhai and Quan zhai Buidings

外文楼 Foreign Building

魏士毅墓 Tomb of Wei Shiyi

西校门 West School Gate

校景亭 University Landscape Pavilion

校友桥 Alumni Bridge

燕东园 YanDong Garden

燕南园 YanNan Garden

振兴中华碑 Revitalizing the Chinese Nation Tablet

钟亭 Clock Pavalion

文物信息

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石麒麟 Stone Kylin

文物时间:早先安置于圆明园大宫门前,刻成时间不晚于雍正三年(1725年)。乾隆六年(1741年),修建安佑宫时,此石麒麟被移至安佑。1925年从圆明园移入北京大学。
文物位置:办公楼以西
文物类别:石刻雕塑
Time: They were built no later than 1725 and placed in front of Yuanmingyuan at first. In 1741, when constructing AnYou palace, they were moved to AnYou. In 1925, they were moved from Yuanmingyuan to Beijing University.
Location: west of Administrative Building
Category: Stone inscription


文物特色

麒麟高174cm,须弥座高98cm,正面宽141cm,侧面宽195cm,刻工细腻,巧夺天工。但其实,每尊石麒麟与其基座是由两块石头刻成后拼接而成的,接缝的距上面19厘米处,由于这里断面向里收缩,接缝很难被发现。

历史溯源

麒麟原位于圆明园里,是圆明园安佑宫前的守护神,圆明园的遗留文物之一。 圆明园被毁之后,所幸这对石麒麟没有遭到破坏。此后很久,石麒麟一直留在圆明园内。到清末时,被文物盗卖者从中盗出,准备高价出卖。当时的朗润园园主载涛知道后,便出高价买到这对石麒麟。以后载涛把朗润园卖给燕大作为新校址,石麒麟也归燕大所有。存放在朗润园多年以后,才放置在现在这个位置。


麒麟在中国传统文化当中是“圣兽”,是吉祥崇高的化身,其形象在威武雄健之中不乏秀美和善之气,所以常被置于宫门之前以作装饰点缀用。


Distinguishing Feature

The Kylins are 174 centimeters in height, 141 centimeters in width in the obverse side and 195 centimeters in width in the side face, which has a 98-centimeter high Sumeru seat. They are carved delicately and of supernatural workmanship. But in fact, every stone Kylin base is jointed by two carved stones. The gap is 19 centimeters away from the upper surface, which is hard to be observed because of shrink.


History

They were placed in Yuanmingyuan at first and they were patron saints in front of AnYou Palace. They were moved here after the construction of Yenching University.


Cultural relic moral: Kylins are holy beast in Chinese traditional culture. They are incarnations of good fortune. Their images are combined with power and kindness, so they are often used for decoration in front of palace gates.