文物音序列表

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办公楼 Administrative Building

博雅塔 Bo Ya Pogoda

蔡元培铜像 Bronze Statue of Cai Yuanpei

慈济寺庙门 The Gate of Ci Ji Temple

丹墀 Danchi

档案馆 Archive of Peking University

德才均备斋
Dezhai, Caizhai, Junzhai and Beizhai Buildings

第二体育馆 Second Gymnasium

第一体育馆 First Gymnasium

俄文楼 Sage Hall

翻尾石鱼 Roll-Tailed Stone Fish

方池 Square pond

革命烈士纪念碑
Monument of the Martyrs of Peking University

葛利普墓 Tomb of Grabau

国立西南联合大学纪念碑
Monument of National Southwestern Associated University

杭爱碑 Hang Ai Momument

花神庙碑 Flower Temple Tablet

华表 Ornamental Columns

化学北楼 North Building of Chemistry

化学南楼 South Building of Chemistry

静园 Jing Yuan Meadow

镜春园 Jingchun Garden

赖朴吾、夏仁德墓 Tome of Lapwood and Sailer

朗润园 Lang-Yun Yuan

李大钊像 Statue of Li Dazhao

临湖轩 Lake House

梅石碑 Tablet Carved with Plums and Stone

米玉墓志铭 Epitaph of Miyu

民主楼 Democracy Buiding

南北阁 Southern & Northern Pavilion

乾隆半月诗碑 Qianlong's Meniscus Poem Tebalet

乾隆御制诗碑 Qianlong's Royal Poem Tablet

日晷 Sundial

塞万提斯像 Statue of Cervantes

三一八遇难烈士纪念碑 Martyrs Monument

生物东馆 East Hall of Biology

石雕五供及石供桌
Five Ariticals of Tributes in Stone Sculpture and the Stone Alter

石舫 Stone Boat

石屏风 Stone Folding Screen

石麒麟 Stone Kylin

石桥 Stone Bridge

石狮 Stone Lions

斯诺墓Tomb of Snow

体斋健斋 Ti zhai,Jian zhai and Quan zhai Buidings

外文楼 Foreign Building

魏士毅墓 Tomb of Wei Shiyi

西校门 West School Gate

校景亭 University Landscape Pavilion

校友桥 Alumni Bridge

燕东园 YanDong Garden

燕南园 YanNan Garden

振兴中华碑 Revitalizing the Chinese Nation Tablet

钟亭 Clock Pavalion

文物信息

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校景亭 the University Landscape Pavilion

别名、曾用名:翼然亭 校友亭
文物时间:乾隆初年
文物位置:德斋北部的土山上,北面俯临红湖。
文物类别:建筑遗迹
Primitive Name: Yiran Pavilion(In Chinese, Yifan means “wing-like”),the Alumni Pavilion
Time: In the early years of Emperor Qianlong’s period
Category: Architecture relic
Location: On the small hill at the north of the Dezhai Building


文物特色

校景亭为大式重檐四角方亭,亭式简朴大方,是昔日鸣鹤园中最大的亭子。四周假山叠置,树木阴翳,亭子掩映其中,很有古园林建筑中“藏”的味道。


历史溯源

乾隆十二年(1747年),清高宗登此亭赏景并赋《翼然亭》一首。1860年鸣鹤园毁于英法联军之手,翼然亭奇迹般幸存下来。清末,醇亲王奕环作诗描述鸣鹤园景色凋零,古亭独存的荒芜景象。燕大迁来后稍加修葺,亭内绘制校园风景十二幅。1984年北大又对此进行修葺。


十二幅校景分别为:一体、校景亭、博雅塔、荷花池、钟亭、校友桥、湖心岛亭、办公楼、物理学院大楼、俄文楼、南北阁、西校门。(如上图)


文物缘起

20年代,燕京大学迁来后在亭中绘了十二幅燕园校景,遂得名。


Naming reason

In the 1920s,on the inside walls and the ceiling, Yenching University painted twelve representative places of interest on Peking university campus. In this way, it gained its present name “the University Landscape Pavilion”.


Distinguishing feature

It is a square structure with double grand roofs. The Pavilion, the rockery and the surrounding trees show off each, which is typical the classical style of traditional Chinese.


History

the University Landscape Pavilion was originally named Yiran Pavilion (In Chinese, Yifan means “wing-like”) and used to be the biggest in Minghe Garden that was built (one of the famous gardens at the time)in the early years of Emperor Qianlong’s period. It is the only remaining building of Minghe Garden after the Garden was burnt in 1860.